If you’ve noticed your legs swelling, there are many reasons why this could happen, including vein disease. Problems with your veins can cause blood to pool, resulting in swollen legs. It’s important to learn more about how vein disease can cause swelling and what kinds of treatment options are available.

What Is Vein Disease?

Vein disease occurs when there is a problem with your blood vessels. Blood should be able to move freely through your blood vessels in order to bring nutrients and oxygen to different parts of your body. When you have vein disease, blood is unable to do this, which can lead to blood clots or the accumulation of blood in veins. Vein disease can cause mild or severe symptoms, including leg swelling. In some cases, problems with your veins can become life-threatening, so it’s important to seek treatment.

How Varicose Veins Cause Leg Swelling

Your veins contain valves that allow blood to flow out in order to reach your heart. When these valves become damaged, blood isn’t able to leave your veins. Instead, it pools inside them, causing them to bulge. This condition is called venous insufficiency, or venous reflux. This type of vein problem can cause lymph fluid to accumulate in your legs, leading to swelling – especially around your ankles and calves. 

Varicose Veins or Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Varicose veins aren’t the only kind of vein disease that can cause swollen legs. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which occurs when clots form deep inside your veins, can also lead to leg swelling. Since DVT can become life-threatening if blood clots break off and reach your lungs or heart, it’s important to know the difference between this condition and varicose veins.

Varicose veins can cause other symptoms besides leg swelling. When you have this vein problem, you might also have other symptoms, such as swollen, bulging veins with a dark bluish appearance. You might have soreness or heaviness in your legs, skin discoloration, a burning sensation, or itching as well. Tired, achy, throbbing legs can also be symptoms of venous disease.

DVT can cause swelling in the affected leg, but it usually doesn’t cause swelling in both legs. When you have DVT, you might also have redness or discoloration in the skin of the affected leg, as well as a feeling of warmth in the area and pain or soreness. Sometimes there are no skin changes, just pain or swelling. Walking can also be quite painful. You might have soreness in the calf of the affected leg first. Keep in mind that DVT can also occur without causing any symptoms.

Treatments for Varicose Veins

When varicose veins cause leg swelling, you don’t have to keep dealing with this symptom. Treatment for varicose veins can relieve swollen legs and other symptoms of this type of vein disease. Some of the treatment options that are available include:

  • Radiofrequency ablation (RFA): RFA involves inserting a catheter into the affected veins and delivering heat in order to close off blood flow. This stops blood from getting into the damaged veins.
  • Micro-phlebectomy: This minimally invasive treatment involves removing varicose veins through tiny incisions. This treatment is sometimes used along with another treatment, such as RFA.
  • Sclerotherapy: This treatment involves injecting a foam solution into the damaged veins in order to seal them off. Blood then goes to other veins in the area instead of pooling inside the damaged veins.
  • VenaSeal: VenaSeal is an FDA-approved treatment involves injecting a medical adhesive into the affected veins to close them off. This causes blood to flow to nearby veins instead and prevents blood from entering and accumulating in the affected veins.

Finding Varicose Vein Treatment in Atlanta, GA

If you have vein disease, visit VEINatlanta today to view our varicose vein treatment options. Please contact us to schedule a consult, so you can meet our vein physicians in Atlanta, Georgia, and learn more about your treatment options.